Year 2021 / Volume 1 / Number: 2
Abstract: The impression of family priority and social community over individual and married couple is in a relation with the cultural identity of individual. As term culture is defined as form of human knowledge, beliefs and behavior, but identity refers us to commonality and equality, we can say that identity of Muslim women in marriage was based on elements of Sharia Law, so belonging to Muslim community: umma and Christian (Orthodox) women on belonging to a church community and implementation of tradition, beliefs and customs of the community. Social-political atmosphere in the Principality of Serbia in XIX. century brought changes to relations of Christians marriage, but had no influence on Muslim population. This work has a goal to analyze and compare basic conditions on which women step into marriage in XIX. century: elements of Sharia Family Law (Muslim women) and church canons and state laws (Christian women). The paper includes interdisciplinary approach to research, use of primary historical sources of Serbian and Ottoman provenance, so relevant literature.
Keywords: women, Sharia Law, marriage, church, tradition