Year 2022 / Volume 2 / Number: 1
Abstract:This paper treats the issues of identity. It showcases the approaches to the relations among ethnic,
civic and national interests in the drafting of constitutions in transitional countries. Tethered to the fundamental
principles of good drafting, the paper highlights the balance of constitutional relations in post-Yugoslav countries.
Most of these states are heteregenous societies, which makes it harder for the constitution-maker to define the
state as civic. The Montenegrin society is established on civic foundations, whereas Macedonian and Bosnian-
Herzegovinan constitutions established a constitutional system in which the collective particularities of ethnic
groups are manifested largely on the expense of citizens or other collectivities. This paper also deals with the
problem of constructing national identity, where ethnic identity is seen as an obstacle.
Keywords: National identity, culture, ethnicity, civic, constitution